Passage for Exercise-100

Read carefully the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

   To write or even to speak English is not a science but an art. There are no reliable rules; there is only the general principle that concrete words are better than abstract ones, and that the shortest way of saying anything is always the best. Mere correctness is no guarantee whatever of good writing. A sentence like ‘an enjoyable time was had by all present’ is perfectly correct English and so is the unintelligible mess of words on an income-tax return. Whoever writes English is involved in a struggle that never lets up even for a sentence. He is struggling against vagueness, against obscurity, against the lure of the decorative adjective, against the encroachment of Latin and Greek, and above all, against the worn out phrases and dead metaphors with which the language is clattered up. In speaking, these dangers are more easily avoided, but spoken English differs from written English more sharply than in the case in most languages.


1. Why is the writing or speaking of English an art and not a science?
2. What is the general principle to follow in writing or speaking English?
3. Does mere correctness make good writing?
4. What does the writer of English struggle for?
5. What is the advantage of spoken English over written English?
6. What is the best way of saying anything?

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