Passage for Exercise-90

Read carefully the passage given below, and then attempt the questions that follow:

   Parrots are one of the oldest types of birds known to exist. Fossil remains of parrots show they have been around since prehistoric times, and they haven’t changed for thousands of years. Today there are more than 600 species of parrots, but they are limited almost entirely to the tropics. Parrots are common in Southern Asia, North America, Australia and the Malaysian islands. Parrots are very hardy birds, and generally live for a long time. They easily adapt themselves to any sort of living condition. This is one of the reasons why sailors have always liked to take parrots along as companions. They are colourful and amusing, and, of course when they learn to ‘talk’ they are fun to have around. Even though the parrot is a tropical bird, it gets along comfortably in captivity and can be happy even in cold climates. At home, parrots prefer the forest and live in great flocks. A little known fact about parrots is that they are very brave and loyal birds. If a danger appears, the whole flock stands by, and fights together to overcome it.


1. Since how long have the parrots been around?
2. Is the parrot individualistic, and weak in constitution?
3. In which parts of the world are parrots found?
4. Why do sailors take parrots along as companions?
5. How and when do parrots show their bravery?
6. State whether the following statements are ‘True’ of ‘False’:
   (i) Parrots can survive only in Tropical countries.
   (ii) Parrots die in captivity.
   (iii) Parrots are gloomy like the owl.

7. Find in the passage single words which mean:
   (i) Any remains or trace of an animal or a plant of a former geological age.
   (ii) A distinct biological category.
   (iii) The terrestrial region between 231⁄2°N and 23%° S of the Equator.

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